Supplications During Hajj (Dua):
Allah, the most glorious, orders His followers to supplicate to Him alone and promises to answer their supplications hajj. Holy Scriptures and texts signify the importance and value of making Dua in Islam. Dua is said to be the essence of worship, the heart of Ibadah. It shields the believer against all the evils and serves as the biggest support during pain and sufferings.
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Dua helps the believers to find peace. It opens up the hearts and relieves them from stress and anxiety. It is the only refuge for the helpless, subjugated and powerless people. Undoubtedly, the most unfortunate of all are the ones who are unable to beseech Allah in supplication.
Supplications during Hajj are more likely to be answered as the virtue of supplications become much greater during the holy pilgrimages and the supplication of the righteous travelers are always answered.
Prophet, Muhammad (PBUH) said:
“Three supplications are definitely answered, and there is no doubt about them: that of a father, that of a traveler and that of one who has been wronged.” [Abu Daawood and others]
The importance of making supplications during Hajj can be gauges by the following Hadith. Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said:
“The delegation [guests] of Allah The Exalted are three: one who is performing Jihaad [i.e. fighting in the cause of Allah], one who is performing ‘Umrah [lesser pilgrimage], and one who is performing Hajj; He called upon them and they responded, and they ask Him and He gives them.”[Ibn Maajah]
It has been reported that supplications made during Hajj are more likely to be answered at various stages of the pilgrimage:
Supplications during circumambulation (Tawaf):
Although there is no specific Dua that has to be recited during circumambulation, the pilgrim may make any supplication he needs to. During circumambulation, it is suggested to ask Allah, Almighty for all that is good in one’s life afterlife.
The supplication during Hajj made by Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) at the time of circumambulation is mentioned below:
“Rabbanaa aatinaa fid-dunyaa hasanah wa fil-aakhirati hasanah, wa qinaa ‘athaab an-naar.” [Abu Daawood]
(Translation: “Our Lord, grant us in this world [all that is] good and in the Hereafter [all that is] good, and protect us from the torture of the Fire.”)
He recited this Dua between the two corners of the Kabah (whilst circumambulating between the Yemeni Corner (Ar Rukn Al Yamaani) and the Black Stone).
Supplications on Mounts of Safa and Marwah:
Jabir (RA) sketches the trip of prophet Muhammad (PBUH) to the mounts of Safa and Marwah as follows:
“…He first mounted As-Safaa until he saw the House [Al-Masjid Al-Ḥaraam]. Facing the Qiblah, he started his Du‘aa’ by saying: ‘Laa illaah illa Allah, Allahu Akbar,’ then he said: ‘Laa ilaaha illa Allah wahdahu laa shareeka lahu, lahul-mulk wa lahul-hamd, wa huwa ‘ala kulli shay’in qadeer, laa ilaaha illaa Allah wahdahu, anjaza wa‘dahu, wa nasara ‘abdahu, wa hazam al-ahzaba wahdah.’”[Muslim]
(Translation: There is no god but Allah, He is One and has no partner. His is the sovereignty, to Him praise is due, and He is Powerful over everything. There is no God but Allah alone, He fulfilled His promise, made victorious His servant and defeated the confederates alone.)
Jaabir (RA) further added:
“… The Prophet (PBUH) said these words three times making supplications in between. He then descended and walked towards [Mount] Marwah. When his feet touched the bottom of the valley, he walked with a fast pace; and when he began to ascend, he returned to his normal walking pace until he reached [Mount] Marwah. There he did as he had done at As-Safa….” [Muslim]
Supplications on the Day of Arafah:
Allah’s last Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said:
“The best supplication is what is made on the day of Arafah, and the best thing that I have ever said as well as all the previous prophets, is ‘Laa ilaaha illa Allah wahdahu la shareeka lah, lahul-mulk wa lahul-hamd wa huwa ‘ala kulli shay’in qadeer.’” [At-Tirmithii]
(Translation: ‘There is no god but Allah alone, He has no partners. All sovereignty and praise belong to Him, and He is over all things Omnipotent.’)
The importance of supplications during Hajj, especially at the time of Arafah can be gauged by the fact that Prophet, (PBUH), spent the day of Arafah on the top of his camel raising his hands and reciting the above mentioned supplication from sunrise until the sunset.
Supplications at Al-Mashar Al-Haram (Muzdalifah):
Jaabir (RA) reported:
“…He [the Prophet, (PBUH)] remounted [his camel] Al-Qaswaa’. On arriving at Al-Mashar Al-Haram, he faced the Qiblah and started his Dua by beseeching Allah The Exalted, declaring the Oneness of Allah and glorifying Him, and remained standing until daylight was very clear…” [Muslim]
Supplications in the days of Tashreeq, Sughra Jamrah and Wusta Jamrah:
The days of Tashreeq are the 11th, 12th, and 13th of Zul Hajj. Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) used to face the Qiblah, raise his hands to supplicate to Allah for a long time. He practiced this after stoning the Shetan (satin).
Supplications when drinking the Zamzam water:
If you have health concerns, one of the best supplications during Hajj is to be made when having the Zamzam water. The Prophet (PBUH) said:
“The water of Zamzam serves the purpose for which it was drunk.” [Ibn Maajah]